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To learn more about photo and article reprints for personal use, please visit store. American abolitionist who believed in and advocated armed insurrection as the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. He seized the armory, but seven people were killed, and ten or more were injured. Historians agree that the Harpers Ferry raid escalated tensions that led to the South’s secession a year later and the American Civil War.
Brown’s actions as an abolitionist and the tactics he used still make him a controversial figure today. He is both memorialized as a heroic martyr and visionary, and vilified as a madman and a terrorist. John Brown was born May 9, 1800, in Torrington, Connecticut. In 1805, the family moved to Hudson, Ohio, where Owen Brown opened a tannery. Brown’s father had as an apprentice Jesse R.
At 16, Brown left his family and went to Plainfield, Massachusetts, where he enrolled in a preparatory program. In 1820, Brown married Dianthe Lusk. Their first child, John Jr, was born 13 months later. He cleared an eighth of it and built a cabin, a barn, and a tannery. In 1831, one of his sons died.