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How”, a song by The Cranberries from the Everybody Else Is Doing It, So Why Can’t We? This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title How. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. The first test showing differences in IQ test results between different population groups in the US was the tests of United States Army recruits in World War I.
In the 1920s groups of eugenics lobbyists argued that this demonstrated that African-Americans and certain immigrant groups were of inferior intellect to Anglo-Saxon whites due to innate biological differences, using this as an argument for policies of racial segregation. The debate reemerged again in 1969, when Arthur Jensen championed the view that for genetic reasons Africans were less intelligent than whites and that compensatory education for African-American children was therefore doomed to be ineffective. Claims of races having different intelligence were used to justify colonialism, slavery, racism, social Darwinism, and racial eugenics. The first practical intelligence test was developed between 1905 and 1908 by Alfred Binet in France for school placement of children.
Binet warned that results from his test should not be assumed to measure innate intelligence or used to label individuals permanently. In the 1920s, states like Virginia enacted eugenic laws, such as its 1924 Racial Integrity Act, which established the one-drop rule as law. On the other hand, many scientists reacted to eugenicist claims linking abilities and moral character to racial or genetic ancestry.
To deflect or direct a range of discourse. See this page for a full list of Speech Topic Ideas On Food, wider Propagandaa principle familiar to propagandists is that the doctrine to be instilled in the target audience should not be articulated: that would only expose them to reflection, see this page for a full list of Informative Persuasive Speech Topics.
As the de-segregation of the American South was begun in the 1950s the debate about black intelligence resurfaced. Audrey Shuey, funded by Draper’s Pioneer Fund, published a new analysis of Yerkes’ tests, concluding that blacks really were of inferior intellect to whites.