Introduction of an essay on smoking

Follow the link for more information. The tobacco smoke enema, an insufflation of tobacco smoke into the rectum by enema, was a medical treatment employed by European physicians for a range of ailments.

introduction of an essay on smoking

Tobacco was recognised as a medicine soon after it was first imported from the New World, and tobacco smoke was used by western medical practitioners as a tool against cold and drowsiness, but applying it by enema was a technique adapted from the North American Indians. During the early 19th century the practice fell into decline, when it was discovered that the principal active agent in tobacco smoke, nicotine, is poisonous. D: Mouthpiece to which the pipe is attached.

Until its discovery and importation from the New World, tobacco was unknown to western medicine. The stimulation of respiration through the introduction of tobacco smoke by a rectal tube was first practiced by the North American Indians. I know of none so strong and effectual as the smoke of tobacco, forced up through a large bladder into the bowels by an inverted pipe, which may be repeated after a short interval, if the former, by giving a stool, does not open a passage downwards. Tobacco smoke enemas were also reportedly used by 19th-century Danish farmers, for horses that needed laxatives, and the US anthropologist Frank Speck reported that contemporary Catawba Native Americans also treated their horses using the technique. To physicians of the time, the appropriate treatment for “apparent death” was warmth and stimulation.

Some cities have suffered substantial cuts in the number of officers available for duty. The Police Foundation — excessive noise pollution can lead to deafness anxiety stress increase in the rate of heartbeat and other health problems.

Anne Greene, a woman sentenced to death and hanged in 1650 for the supposed murder of her stillborn child, was found by anatomists to be still alive. Artificial respiration and the blowing of smoke into the lungs or the rectum were thought to be interchangeably useful, but the smoke enema was considered the most potent method, due to its supposed warming and stimulating properties. Keep warm and rub till you succeed.

Tags: ,