Education in England: a history is my copyright. But you may not publish it, upload it onto any other website, or sell it, without my permission.
You are welcome to cite this work. Education in England: a history www. Where a document is shown as a link, the full text is available online. Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen’s Printer for Scotland. Background Queen Victoria, who ruled from 1837 until her death in 1901, presided over a nation enjoying high levels of peace and prosperity.
England had undergone huge political and social changes, coupled with the rapid development of industry and the expansion of a world-wide empire. The Great Exhibition of 1851 epitomised the country’s new-found self-confidence. In the second half of the century the population of England and Wales almost doubled – from 16. The education of the working class Before 1870, elementary education was provided largely by the Church of England’s National Society and the nonconformist British and Foreign School Society. Note: references in this section are to Volume I, which contains the main report, except where indicated otherwise.
1870 Elementary Education Act Background to the Act Since the late eighteenth century and the industrial revolution, demands for mass education had been closely associated with campaigns for workers’ rights. The 1876 Education Act provided for a system of certificates, which gave free education for three years to pupils who had passed the Standard IV examination at 10 years of age and held a certificate of regular attendance for five years. Three more Acts The remaining years of the nineteenth century saw a raft of legislation which added detail to the state education system the 1870 Act had begun.
In this respect, the two most significant Acts were the Elementary Education Act of 1880, which made school attendance compulsory, and that of 1891, which made elementary education free. In the meantime, three Acts built on the foundation which the 1870 Act had provided. 1880 Elementary Education Act Despite these moves towards elementary education for all, the attitude of parents to schooling was still very much affected by social and occupational factors.
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1882 Mundella Code Having achieved his aim of making elementary education compulsory, Mundella now turned his attention to a consideration of what was actually being taught in the schools, and on 2 August 1880 he announced his intention of bringing in a new Code of Regulations. It proved to be a lengthy task.